Pakistan’s transgender community remains widely visible, but marginalized and ostracized.
Pakistani society makes little or no distinction between public order, morality, sexual orientation or gender identity. With the introduction of new thoughts, cultures and religions to Pakistan at different times, a whole new understanding of lesbian, gay and trans people who find themselves included in broader terms, such as LGBT and queer, has emerged.
Trans rights in Pakistan
Pakistan is a country located in South Asia. The area that now straddles the border of present-day Pakistan and Afghanistan is one of the most war-torn regions in the world. For trans people, life can be particularly difficult in Pakistan. They face challenges with family, friends, colleagues, strangers and the government.
Trans people have a long history in Pakistan. There are references to trans people in ancient Hindu texts, and trans people have been part of Pakistani culture for centuries.
The first public trans beauty pageant was held in Pakistan in January 2017. The event was organized by the Khawaja Sira Society, a support group for trans people. The competition was a major step forward for trans rights in Pakistan.
Despite some progress, trans people in Pakistan still face many challenges. Family members may reject trans people, leading to homelessness and poverty. They may be ridiculed or humiliated by strangers. They may be denied basic rights and opportunities, such as education and employment. And they can be subject to violence and abuse.
The government of Pakistan has taken steps to protect the rights of trans people. In 2018, the government passed a law prohibiting discrimination against trans people in employment.
Major concerns for Pakistan’s trans community
Trans people in Pakistan face many challenges when it comes to their rights. The lack of legal recognition of their gender identity is a major concern. This means that trans people are often unable to obtain identity documents that match their gender identity, which can make it difficult to access many basic rights and services.
Another concern for the trans community in Pakistan is violence. Trans people are often targets of physical and sexual violence, as well as verbal abuse and harassment. This violence is often perpetrated with complete impunity, which means that the perpetrators are rarely held accountable for their actions.
The trans community in Pakistan also faces discrimination in employment, housing and health care. Many trans people are forced to work in the informal sector because they cannot obtain formal employment due to their gender identity. This often means they are paid less than their cisgender counterparts and have fewer workplace protections. When it comes to housing, trans people often face eviction and discrimination from landlords. And when it comes to health care, trans people often have difficulty accessing quality care that meets their specific needs.
These are just some of the major concerns facing Pakistan’s trans community. Although there have been some small steps forward in recent years, there is still a long way to go.
What international agencies can and should do for Pakistani trans people
There are a number of things international agencies can do to support the trans community in Pakistan. This includes, but is not limited to:
1. Provide financial support to organizations working with and for the trans community in Pakistan.
2. Lobby the Pakistani government to ensure that the trans community receives legal recognition and protection from discrimination and violence.
3. Work with Pakistani civil society organizations to increase awareness of trans rights issues and promote social acceptance of the trans community.
4. Encourage Pakistani companies to create inclusive workplaces for trans employees.
5. Support research on the health needs of the trans community in Pakistan.
6. Provide training and capacity building assistance to Pakistani police and other law enforcement officials on how to better protect trans people from violence and discrimination.
Resources for more information about Pakistan and transgender interests
There are an estimated 500,000 trans people in Pakistan and they face a lot of discrimination. They are often not allowed to use public restrooms or changing rooms that match their gender identity, and many are denied access to education or employment.
Progress has been made on transgender rights in Pakistan in recent years.
In 2012, the government began issuing national identity cards which included a third gender option. And in 2017, a trans woman was elected to the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Provincial Assembly. In 2022, Sarah Gill became the first trans doctor in Pakistan. But much more needs to be done to achieve full equality for trans people in Pakistan.
If you’re looking for more information about trans rights in Pakistan, here are some great resources.
Trans Action Pakistan is a grassroots organization working to defend the rights of trans people in Pakistan. They offer support and advocacy services, and they also conduct awareness campaigns.
The Transgender People (Protection of Rights) Bill was introduced in the Pakistani Parliament in 2016. It contains a number of provisions aimed at protecting rights.
Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act
The trans community in Pakistan has been fighting for their rights for many years and finally in 2018 they won a major victory with the passing of the Transgender People (Protection of Rights) Act 2018. This law provides legal recognition and protection for trans people in Pakistan and includes provisions on things like identity documents, anti-discrimination measures, and access to education and employment. Although there are still many challenges facing trans people in Pakistan, this law is a major step forward in the fight for equality.
The Transgender People (Protection of Rights) Act is a law that was enacted to protect the rights of trans people in Pakistan. The law prohibits discrimination against trans people in all areas of life, including employment, education, health care and housing. It also provides for recognition of the gender identity of trans people and gives them the right to change their legal gender.
The law has been widely welcomed by human rights organizations and is seen as a step forward for trans rights in Pakistan.
On the positive side, the law provides trans people with fundamental rights and protections that they did not have before. For example, it prohibits discrimination against trans people in employment, education, and other areas of life. It also allows them to change gender on government-issued documents.
On the negative side, some activists believe the law does not go far enough in protecting the rights of trans people. For example, it does not allow them to marry or adopt children. It also requires them to undergo surgery before they can change their gender on official documents. This can be an expensive and difficult procedure for many trans people.
Overall, the law is a step in the right direction for Pakistan’s trans community. However, there is still work to be done to fully protect their rights and give them equality.
The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act was passed by the National Assembly of Pakistan in May 2018. This Act provides basic rights and protections for trans people in Pakistan.
By law, trans people are allowed to identify their gender. This is a major breakthrough, as trans people in Pakistan have already been forced to undergo surgery or hormone therapy in order to change their legal gender.
The law also prohibits discrimination against trans people in employment, education, health care and other areas of life. This means that trans people will now have equal access to opportunities and resources.
The passage of this law is a major victory for trans rights in Pakistan. It provides much-needed protections and rights for trans people.